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Medicaid Managed Care Enrollment Update – Q4 2019

This week, our In Focus section reviews recent Medicaid enrollment trends in capitated, risk-based managed care in 29 states.[1] Many state Medicaid agencies post monthly enrollment figures by health plan for their Medicaid managed care population to their websites. This data allows for the timeliest analysis of enrollment trends across states and managed care organizations. All 29 states highlighted in this review have released monthly Medicaid managed care enrollment data into the fourth quarter (Q4) of 2019. This report reflects the most recent data posted. HMA has made the following observations related to the enrollment data shown on Table 1 (below):

  • The 29 states in this report account for an estimated 48.5 million Medicaid managed care enrollees as of December 2019. Based on HMA estimates of MCO enrollment in states not covered in this report, we believe that, nationwide, Medicaid MCO enrollment is likely over 54 million in 2019. As such, the enrollment data across these 29 states represents approximately 90 percent of all Medicaid MCO enrollment.
  • States with managed care that do not publish monthly enrollment reports are Delaware, District of Columbia, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Nevada, Rhode Island, and Virginia. New Jersey will be included in the next Enrollment Update.
  • Across the 29 states tracked in this report, Medicaid managed care enrollment is down 2.0 percent year-over-year as of December 2019.
  • Approximately half of the states saw decreases in enrollment in December 2019, compared to previous year.
  • Eighteen of the 29 states – Arizona, California, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Washington, and West Virginia – expanded Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act and have seen increased Medicaid managed care enrollment since expansion.
  • The 18 expansion states listed above have seen net Medicaid managed care enrollment decrease by 795,000 members, or 2.2 percent, in the past year, to 35.1 million members at the end of Q4 2019.
  • The 11 states that have not yet expanded Medicaid – Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, and Wisconsin – have seen Medicaid managed care enrollment decrease 1.5 percent to 13.4 million members at the end of Q4 2019. Nebraska is expected to begin implementing its voter-approved Medicaid by October 2020. 

Table 1 – Monthly MCO Enrollment by State – July 2019 through December 2019

 

Note: In Table 1 above and the state tables below, “+/- m/m” refers to the enrollment change from the previous month. “% y/y” refers to the percentage change in enrollment from the same month in the previous year.

Below, we provide a state-specific analysis of recent enrollment trends in the states where HMA tracks data.

It is important to note the limitations of the data presented. First, not all states report the data at the same time during the month. Some of these figures reflect beginning-of-the-month totals, while others reflect an end-of-the-month snapshot. Second, in some cases the data is comprehensive in that it covers all state-sponsored health programs for which the state offers managed care; in other cases, the data reflects only a subset of the broader managed Medicaid population. This is the key limiting factor in comparing the data described below and figures reported by publicly traded Medicaid MCOs. Consequently, the data we review in Table 1 and throughout the In Focus section should be viewed as a sampling of enrollment trends across these states rather than a comprehensive comparison, which cannot be developed based on publicly available monthly enrollment data.

State-Specific Analysis

Arizona

Medicaid Expansion Status: Expanded January 1, 2014

Enrollment in Arizona’s two Medicaid managed care programs has grown through December 2019, up 20,000 members since December 2018. As of December 2019, Arizona’s MCO enrollment stands at 1.6 million, up 1.3 percent from the prior year.

California

Medicaid Expansion Status: Expanded January 1, 2014

Medi-Cal managed care enrollment data shows a decrease of 2.7 percent in December 2019, with managed care enrollment down roughly 282,000 since December 2018. As of December 2019, enrollment in managed care is approximately 10.3 million.

Florida

Medicaid Expansion Status: Not Expanded

Florida’s statewide Medicaid managed care program has seen a 2.9 percent net decline in total covered lives over the last year to 3.1 million beneficiaries as of December 2019. (Note that the managed LTC enrollment figures listed below are a subset of the Managed Medical Assistance (MMA) enrollments and are included in the MMA number; they are not separately added to the total to avoid double counting).

Georgia

Medicaid Expansion Status: Not Expanded

As of December 2019, Georgia’s Medicaid managed care program covered nearly 1.4 million members, up 1.3 percent from the previous year.

Hawaii

Medicaid Expansion Status: Expanded January 1, 2014

Through August 2019, enrollment in the Hawaii Medicaid managed care program stands at 335,000, down 3.3 percent from August 2018.

Illinois

Medicaid Expansion Status: Expanded January 1, 2014

Illinois enrollment across the state’s managed care programs sits at 2.2 million as of December 2019, down 1.7 percent from December 2018.

Indiana

Medicaid Expansion Status: Expanded in 2015 through HIP 2.0

As of December 2019, enrollment in Indiana’s managed care programs—Hoosier Healthwise, Hoosier Care Connect, and Healthy Indiana Program (HIP)—is over 1.1 million.

Iowa

Medicaid Expansion Status: Expanded January 1, 2014

Iowa launched its statewide Medicaid managed care program in April of 2016. Enrollment across all populations sits at 638,000 as of December 2019. Enrollment is up 4 percent from the previous year.

Kansas

Medicaid Expansion Status: Not Expanded

Kansas Medicaid managed care enrollment was nearly 367,000 as of July 2019, down 4.4 percent from July 2018.

Kentucky

Medicaid Expansion Status: Expanded January 1, 2014

As of December 2019, Kentucky covered 1.2 million beneficiaries in risk-based managed care. Total enrollment is down 3.4 percent from the prior year.

Louisiana

Medicaid Expansion Status: Expanded July 1, 2016

Medicaid managed care enrollment is nearly 1.5 million as of December 2019, down 2 percent from the previous year. Louisiana’s Medicaid expansion, which began on July 1, 2016, has been a major driver of MCO enrollment growth over the past seven quarters.

Maryland

Medicaid Expansion Status: Expanded January 1, 2014

Maryland’s Medicaid managed care program covered nearly 1.2 million lives as of December 2019.

Michigan

Medicaid Expansion Status: Expanded April 1, 2014

As of December 2019, Michigan’s Medicaid managed care sits at roughly 1.8 million, a flat showing compared to the previous year.

Minnesota

Medicaid Expansion Status: Expanded January 1, 2014

As of December 2019, enrollment across Minnesota’s multiple managed Medicaid programs sits at 919,000, down 2.8 percent from the prior year.

Mississippi

Medicaid Expansion Status: Not Expanded

MississippiCAN, the state’s Medicaid managed care program, grew significantly in 2015. However, net enrollment declines over the past three years have reversed some of this growth. Medicaid managed care membership stands at 438,000 as of December 2019.

Missouri

Medicaid Expansion Status: Not Expanded

Missouri managed care enrollment in the Medicaid and CHIP programs sits at 581,000 as of December 2019. In May 2017, the first month of the state’s geographic managed care expansion, roughly 240,000 new members were added in the new region. However, enrollment is now down 10.1 percent in December, compared to the prior year. In September 2019, it was reported that nearly 130,000 beneficiaries, about 100,000 of them children, were dropped from the state’s program.

Nebraska

Medicaid Expansion Status: Expected October 2020

As of December 2019, the program enrolled 230,000 members, down 0.4 percent from the previous year.

New Mexico

Medicaid Expansion Status: Expanded January 1, 2014

As of December 2019, New Mexico’s Centennial Care program covers nearly 671,000 members, up 1.6 percent from the previous year.

New York

Medicaid Expansion Status: Expanded January 1, 2014

New York’s Medicaid managed care programs collectively covered more than 4.6 million beneficiaries as of December 2019, a 2.4 percent decrease from the previous year.

Ohio

Medicaid Expansion Status: Expanded January 1, 2014

As of December 2019, enrollment across all four Ohio Medicaid managed care programs was nearly 2.1 million, down 12.4 percent from the prior year.

Oregon

Medicaid Expansion Status: Expanded January 1, 2014

As of December 2019, enrollment in the Oregon Coordinated Care Organization (CCO) Medicaid managed care program is 888,000. (This figure includes roughly 1,600 enrolled in managed care other than CCO).

Pennsylvania

Medicaid Expansion Status: Expanded as of 2015

As of December 2019, Pennsylvania’s Medicaid managed care enrollment sits at 2.2 million, down 2.3 percent in the past year.

South Carolina

Medicaid Expansion Status: Not Expanded

South Carolina’s Medicaid managed care programs collectively enrolled nearly 811,000 members as of December 2019, which represents an increase of 2.8 percent in the past year.

Tennessee

Medicaid Expansion Status: Not Expanded

As of December 2019, TennCare managed care enrollment totaled 1.4 million, up 5 percent from the prior year.

Texas

Medicaid Expansion Status: Not Expanded

Enrollment reporting out of Texas has been limited in the past year. As of November 2019, Texas managed care enrollment stood at 4 million across the state’s six managed care programs, having launched STAR KIDS in the second half of 2016.

Utah

Medicaid Expansion Status: Not Expanded

As of December 2019, Utah’s Medicaid managed care enrollment was nearly 224,000, down 4.5 percent from the previous year.

Washington

Medicaid Expansion Status: Expanded January 1, 2014

Washington’s Medicaid managed care enrollment increased 3.1 percent to 1.5 million as of December 2019, compared to December 2018.

West Virginia

Medicaid Expansion Status: Expanded January 1, 2014

As of December 2019, West Virginia’s managed care program covers 385,000 members, down 2.7 percent year-over-year.

Wisconsin

Medicaid Expansion Status: Not Expanded

Across Wisconsin’s three managed care programs, December 2019 enrollment totals 809,000, up 1.6 percent from the year before.

More Information Available from HMA Information Services

More detailed information on the Medicaid managed care landscape is available from HMA Information Services (HMAIS), which collects Medicaid enrollment data, health plan financials, and the latest on expansions, waivers, duals, ABD populations, long-term care, accountable care organizations, and patient-centered medical homes. HMAIS also includes a public documents library with copies of Medicaid RFPs, responses, model contracts, and scoring sheets.

HMA enhances this publicly available information with an overview of the structure of Medicaid in each state, as well as a proprietary HMA Medicaid Managed Care Opportunity Assessment.

For additional information on how to subscribe to HMA Information Services, contact Carl Mercurio at 212-575-5929 or cmercurio@healthmanagaement.com.

 

[1] Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin.

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